FIA SPORTSCAR CHAMPIONSHIP 2002 SPORTING REGULATIONS
The FIA will organise the FIA Sportscar Championship reserved for SR1 and SR2 Sportscars (the Championship), which is the property of the FIA. The Championship comprises two titles of FIA Sportscar Champion for Drivers (SR1 and SR2), two titles of FIA Sportscar Champion for Teams (SR1 and SR2) and two titles of FIA Sportscar Champion for Constructors (SR1 and SR2). The Championship is governed by the FIA International Sporting Code and its appendices (the Code), the Circuit General Prescriptions, the SR1 and SR2 Sportscar Technical Regulations (the Technical Regulations), and the present Sporting Regulations specific to the Championship.
Save for a race that may be decided by the FIA before the beginning of the sporting season, the Championship will be made up of races with a duration of two and a half hours (from start signal to chequered flag, excluding the formation lap).
The leader will be shown the chequered flag when he crosses the finish line at the end of the lap during which the prescribed period ends.
1. The final text of these Sporting Regulations shall be the English version which will be used should any dispute arise as to their interpretation. Headings in this document are for ease of reference only and do not form part of these Sporting Regulations.
2 These Sporting Regulations were published in the FIA Yearbook of Automobile Sport in its 15 October 2001 edition. Any modification appearing after that date will be published in the official FIA Bulletin.
3. All drivers, competitors and officials participating in the Championship undertake, on behalf of themselves, their employees and agents, to observe all the provisions as supplemented or amended of the Code, the Circuit General Prescriptions, the Technical Regulations and the present Sporting Regulations.
4. If a competitor is unable to be present in person at the Event he must nominate his representative in writing. It is the competitor's obligation to ensure that all persons concerned by his entry observe all the requirements of the Code, the Circuit General Prescriptions, the Technical Regulations and the Sporting
Regulations. Throughout the entire duration of the Event a person having charge of an entered car during any part of an Event is responsible jointly and severally with the competitor for ensuring that the requirements are observed.
5. Competitors must ensure that their cars comply with the conditions of eligibility and safety throughout practice and the race.
6. The presentation of a car for scrutineering will be deemed an implicit statement of conformity.
7. All persons concerned in any way with an entered car or present in any other capacity whatsoever in the paddock, pits, pit lane, or track must wear an appropriate pass at all times.
8. All drivers must hold current and valid FIA licences (minimum requirement a grade B racing licence for SR1 and a grade C racing licence for SR2) and, where applicable, valid licences and or/authorisations issued by their ASN(s).
9. Events are reserved for SR1 and SR2 Sportscars as accepted by the FIA. Cars complying with the ACO LMP 675 Technical Regulations will be accepted in category SR1. Catalytic exhausts and the observance of noise limitations (as in Article 258A-5.7.1) are not mandatory.
10. Each Event will have the status of a restricted international competition.
11. An Event which is cancelled with less than three months' written notice to the FIA will not be considered for inclusion in the following year's Championship unless the FIA judges the cancellation to have been due to force majeure.
12a) The FIA Sportscar Championship drivers' titles will be awarded to the drivers who have scored the highest number of points in their respective class, taking into consideration all the results obtained during all the Events.
Any driver taking part in the Championship may score points provided that he has driven for at least 20% of the distance covered by his car and not more than 75% of the duration of the race.
b) The FIA Sportscar Championship Team's titles will be awarded to the teams which have scored the highest number of points in their respective class, taking into consideration all the results obtained during all the Events.
Teams with more than one car classified in an event will only receive the points for the highest placed car.
c) The FIA Sportscar Championship Constructor's titles will be awarded to the Constructors which have scored the highest number of points in their respective class, taking into consideration all the results obtained during all the Events.
Constructors with more than one car classified in an event will only receive the points for the highest placed car.
d) For each title there will be a separate classification.
13. Points for all titles will be awarded at each Event according to the following scale in each class:
1st 20 points 6th 6 points
2nd 15 points 7th 4 points
3rd 12 points 8th 3 points
4th 10 points 9th 2 points
5th 8 points 10th 1 point
14. If a race is stopped under Articles 149 and 150 and cannot be restarted, no points will be awarded in case A, half points will be awarded in case B and full points will be awarded in case C.
15. The winning teams with their drivers must be present at the annual FIA Prize Giving ceremony. Any such driver who is absent will be liable to a fine. All competitors shall use their best endeavours to ensure that their drivers attend as aforesaid.
16. Prizes and points awarded for all the positions of competitors who tie will be added together and shared equally.
17. If two or more drivers or teams finish the season with the same number of points, the higher place in the Championship shall be awarded to:
a) the holder of the greatest number of first places,
b) if the number of first places is the same, the holder of the greatest number of second places,
c) if the number of second places is the same, the holder of the greatest number of third places and so on until a winner emerges,
d) if this procedure fails to produce a result, the FIA will nominate the winner according to such criteria as it thinks fit.
18. An application to promote an Event must be made to the ASN of the country in which the Event is to take place, which will apply to the FIA.
ORGANISATION OF EVENTS
19a) Each organiser shall supply the information set out in Appendix 1, part A hereto together with the complete timetable of the Event to the FIA no later than 90 days before the Event.
b) A senior representative of the circuit management and a senior representative of the organising club must be present at the Event from 10.00hrs. on the day of sporting checks and initial scrutineering.
c) The organising club must provide a person, with a working knowledge of English, to act as Secretary to the Stewards.
20. The promoter of an Event must procure that all competitors, their personnel and drivers are covered by third party insurance.
21. Ninety days before the Event, the promoter must send the FIA details of the risks covered by the insurance policy which must comply with the national laws in force. Sight of the policy must be available to the competitors on demand.
22. Third party insurance arranged by the promoter shall be in addition and without prejudice to any personal insurance policy held by a competitor or any other participant in the Event.
23. Drivers taking part in the Event are not third parties with respect to one another.
24. The FIA will nominate the following delegates:
- Technical Delegate
- Safety Delegate
- Press Delegate
25. The role of the FIA delegates is to help the officials of the Event in their duties, to see within their fields of competence that all the regulations governing the Championship are respected, to make any comments they judge necessary and to draw up any necessary reports concerning the Event.
26. The technical delegate nominated by the FIA will be responsible for scrutineering and will have full authority over the national scrutineers.
27. The following officials will be nominated by the FIA:
- Two international stewards of a nationality different to that of the organiser. In conformity with
Article 134 of the Code, the stewards of the meeting will officiate as a body under the authority of their chairman.
- A Race Director
- A permanent Starter.
28. The following officials will be nominated by the ASN and their names sent to the FIA at the same time as the application to organise the Event:
- One steward from among the ASN's nationals.
- The clerk of the course.
29. The clerk of the course shall work in permanent consultation with the race director. The race director shall have overriding authority in the following matters and the clerk of the course may only give orders in respect of them with his express agreement:
a) the control of practice and the race, adherence to the timetable and, if he deems it necessary, the formulation of any proposal to the stewards to modify the timetable in accordance with the Code or Sporting Regulations,
b the stopping of any car in accordance with the Code or Sporting Regulations,
c) the stopping of practice or the race in accordance with the Sporting Regulations if he deems it unsafe to continue and ensuring that the correct restart procedure is carried out,
d) the starting procedure,
e) the use of the safety car.
30. The race director, the clerk of the course, the technical delegate and the national steward must be present at the event from 13.00 hrs on the day of sporting checks and initial scrutineering, the two FIA stewards from 17.00 hrs on the same day.
31. The race director and the clerk of the course must be in race control and in radio contact with all marshals' posts at all times when cars are permitted to run on the track. The stewards and other officials must be in contact with the race director and clerk of the course at all times.
32a) Applications to compete in the Championship may be submitted to the FIA, each year, no later than 15 January on an entry form as set out in Appendix 2 hereto, accompanied by the set entry fees.
The application shall include:
i) confirmation that the applicant has read and understood the Code, the Technical Regulations and the Sporting Regulations and agrees, on its own behalf and on behalf of everyone associated with its participation in the Championship, to observe them,
ii) the name of the team,
iii) the make of the competing car(s),
iv) the make of the engine(s),
v) an undertaking by the applicant to participate in every Event with the number of cars entered.
b) Teams may enter the Championship on a race-by-race basis and may announce their entries in each
Event concerned, to the organisers of the Event concerned and to the FIA, accompanied by the entry fees received by the FIA, no later than twenty-one days prior to the Event, it being understood that the Event starts with scrutineering.
c) No more than three entries will be accepted from any one competitor.
33. If in the opinion of the FIA a competitor fails to operate his team in a manner compatible with the standards of the Championship or in any way brings the Championship into disrepute, the FIA may exclude such competitor from the Championship forthwith.
34. No pass may be issued except as agreed with the FIA. A pass may be used only by the person and for the purpose for which it was issued.
INSTRUCTIONS AND COMMUNICATIONS TO COMPETITORS
35. In exceptional circumstances, the stewards may give instructions to competitors by means of special circulars in accordance with the Code. These circulars will be distributed to all the competitors who must acknowledge receipt.
36. All classifications and results of practice and the race, as well as all decisions issued by the officials, will be posted on the official notice board.
37. Any decision or communication concerning a particular competitor must be given to him within twentyfive minutes of such decision and receipt must be acknowledged.
38. "Incident" means any occurrence or series of occurrences involving one or more drivers, or any action by any driver, which is reported to the stewards by the race director (or noted by the stewards and referred to the race director for investigation) which :
- necessitated the stopping of a race under Article 149;
- constituted a breach of these Sporting Regulations or the Code;
- caused a false start by one or more cars;
- caused an avoidable collision;
- forced a driver off the track;
- illegitimately prevented a legitimate overtaking manoeuvre by a driver;
- illegitimately impeded another driver during overtaking.
39a) It shall be at the discretion of the stewards to decide, upon a report or a request by the race director, if a driver or drivers involved in an Incident shall be penalised.
b) If an incident forms the subject of a stewards' enquiry, a message informing all the teams shall be posted on the official notice board, and a copy of this notice will be delivered to the team manager(s) of the team(s) involved in the incident, who must sign for it.
c) If a driver is involved in a collision or Incident (see Article 38), he must not leave the circuit without the consent of the stewards.
40. The stewards may impose a time penalty on any driver involved in an Incident. However, if this penalty is to be imposed and notified in writing to the team representative after the end of the race, or, for duration races, during the last 20 minutes, Article 41b) below shall not apply and an additional penalty shall be added to the elapsed time of the car concerned.
41. From the time the stewards' decision is notified in writing to the team manager, the following procedure shall be applied:
a) The stewards shall give written notification of the time penalty which has been imposed to an official of the team concerned and shall make sure that this information is displayed on the official notice board.
b) From the time the stewards' decision is notified in writing to the team manager, the relevant driver may cover no more than three complete laps before entering the pits and proceeding to the time penalty area where he shall remain for the period of the time penalty. During the time the car is stationary for the time penalty, it may not be worked on. However, should the engine stop, it may be started only after the time penalty period has elapsed, possibly with the help of an external source of energy, respecting Article 104.
c) A pit stop due to a time penalty can under no circumstances be used for carrying out any activity whatsoever on the car. When the time penalty period has elapsed the driver may rejoin the race.
d) Any breach of or failure to comply with Articles 41 b) or 41 c) may result in the car being excluded.
42. Any determination made or any penalty imposed pursuant to Article 38 shall be without prejudice to the operation of Articles 160 or 161 of the Code.
43. Protests shall be made in accordance with the Code and accompanied by a fee of 2000 US$ or its equivalent in local currency.
44. The stewards may inflict the penalties specifically set out in these Sporting Regulations in addition to or instead of any other penalties available to them under the Code.
DRIVERS AND CHANGES OF DRIVER
45. Throughout the Event, a same car may not be driven by fewer than two drivers or more than three drivers.
The names of the drivers taking part in the race must be notified to the race director by the end of the sporting checks.
For a team entering more than one car, a driver can be authorised by the race director to change cars only once during the race.
Driver changes can only take place in the pits. Driver changes may take place during refuelling. The outgoing driver and/or a team member may assist the incoming driver.
46. After the closing time for scrutineering, a driver change may only take place with the consent of the stewards.
In all other circumstances, competitors will be obliged to use the drivers they nominated at the time of scrutineering of the Event except in cases of force majeure which will be considered separately. Any new driver may score points in the Championship.
47. Each driver must drive the car alone and unaided. The maximum continuous driving time per driver is 75% of the distance.
A time penalty in the pits is imposed on any driver who exceeds this limit. This penalty is equal to the extra time.
In any classified finishing car, if a driver does not start a lap in the race he will not be listed in the results or permitted onto the podium.
NUMBER OF CARS PARTICIPATING
48. The number of cars allowed to practice and to start the race is as provided for in supplement 2 of
Appendix O to the Code.
RACE NUMBERS AND NAME OF CAR
49. Registration numbers will be the permanent competition numbers for the Championship (n°s. 1-49 SR1, 50-99 SR2). These numbers must be in conformity with the provisions of the Code (see Appendix IV) and must be clearly visible from the front and from each side of the car. It is the competitor's responsibility to have the correct numbers affixed to the car before presenting it for scrutineering.
50. The name or the emblem of the make of the car must appear on the car. The name of the driver must also appear on the bodywork, on the outside of the cockpit, and be easily legible.
51. The provisions of the Code relating to national colours shall not apply to the Championship.
52. Each competitor must have all documents required by Article 8 available for inspection at any time during the Event.
53a) At each Event, the FIA will check all licences. Sporting Checks will take place two days before the race from 14.30 hrs to 17.00 hrs in the Championship Headquarters. Unless a waiver is granted by the stewards, drivers who do not keep to these time limits will not be allowed to take part in the Event.
b) Drivers will be issued with identification numbers when signing on. These numbers must be affixed to each side of their helmet(s).
54. No competitor, driver or other person concerned with a car can be required to sign any waiver.
55. The list of cars allowed to take part in timed practice will be published on the morning of timed practice. Competitors must present a technical passport for each of their cars entered in the Event.
56. Initial scrutineering of the cars will take place:
Two days before the race from 13.30 hrs to 18.00 hrs in the garage assigned to each team.
Unless a waiver is granted by the stewards, Competitors who do not keep to these time limits will not be allowed to take part in the event.
57. No car may take part in the Event until it has been passed by the scrutineers.
58. The scrutineers may :
a) check the eligibility of a car or of a competitor at any time during an Event,
b) require a car to be dismantled by the competitor to make sure that the conditions of eligibility or conformity are fully satisfied,
c) require a competitor to pay the reasonable expenses which exercise of the powers mentioned in this Article may entail,
d) require a competitor to supply them with such parts or samples as they may deem necessary. At any time during practice, the car must contain at least 3 litres of petrol for the taking of fuel samples. During the race, fuel samples may be taken in the refuelling tower.
e) i) The competitors must equip their engines with intake restrictors respecting the engine capacity, the number of valves, weight of the car and if supercharged or not - see Article 258A of Appendix 1 to Appendix
J). The restrictors must be engraved with the diameter.
ii) The dimensions of the restrictors must comply with Article 258A of Appendix 1 to Appendix J at all times and all temperatures throughout an event.
iii) The restrictors will be checked and marked when the cars are presented at official pre-event scrutineering for weighing - see Article 58.e) iv).
iv) Before taking part in any free, timed or qualifying practice, the cars must be presented at pre-event scrutineering, ready to race less fuel, for weighing. All information will be entered in the technical passport of the car and signed by the competitor's representative.
v) At the end of each free practice or qualifying session, the cars must be available for checking. After the finish of the race, all classified cars will be placed in the parc fermé for checking. The presence of a team official is required.
59. Any car which, after being passed by the scrutineers, is dismantled or modified in a way which might affect its safety or call into question its eligibility, or which is involved in an accident with similar consequences, must be re-presented by the competitor for scrutineering approval.
60. The race director or the clerk of the course may require that any car involved in an accident be stopped and checked.
61. Checks and scrutineering shall be carried out by duly appointed officials who shall also be responsible for the operation of the parc fermé and who alone are authorised to give instructions to the competitors.
62. The stewards will publish the findings of the scrutineers each time cars are checked during the Event.
These results will not include any specific figure except when a car is found to be in breach of the Technical Regulations.
SUPPLY OF TYRES IN THE CHAMPIONSHIP AND TYRE LIMITATION DURING THE EVENT
63. Only tyres supplied by Authorised Tyre Manufacturers may be used in the Championship.
An authorised tyre manufacturer is one that confirms in writing to the FIA, a minimum of 21 days before their tyre is first used in a Championship Event, that they accept and adhere to the following conditions:
Tyre manufactures must undertake to supply a minimum of 5 cars in categories SR2 and LMP 675 and a minimum of 10 cars in the category SR1 900, where requested by sufficient teams, on normal commercial conditions.
64a) Following timed practice, a maximum of three sets of slick (dry) tyres will be marked for each car. Wet (grooved) tyres are free. The decision of the technical delegate is final.
b) Only these marked tyres may be used by the respective car for the duration of the Event if it is dry - Qualifying and the Race.
c) Times for official tyre marking will be advised to the teams by official event bulletin, signed for by the team representative.
d) No unmarking of a tyre and no replacement of a marked tyre will be permitted unless accepted by the Technical Director, for exceptional reasons.
65. Except for "force majeure" a car will not be permitted to start the race with new tyres.
66a) All cars may be weighed at initial scrutineering.
b) Selected cars will be weighed during and after each qualifying session and after the race.
c) Should the weight of a car, during the weighing procedure, be less than that specified in the technical regulations, the car may be excluded from the results of the qualifying session or the race, save when the deficiency in weight results from an accidental cause due to force majeure.
d) During the weighing procedure no solid, liquid, gas or other substance may be added to or removed from a car after it has been selected for weighing.
e) Only officials and scrutineers may enter the weighing area. No intervention of any kind is allowed there unless authorised by such officials.
67. Any breach of these provisions for the weighing of cars may result in the exclusion of the car concerned.
68 - Handicap weights are calculated from the actual Handicap Weight carried at the previous race.
The Handicap weight specified after the conclusion of an event will be applied in the next event. This includes scrutineering, timed practice, qualifying and the race.
a) Additional weights will be allocated to cars finishing in the top five places in the SR1 final results, determined on the following scale:
1st place +30 kg
2nd place +25 kg
3rd place +20 kg
4th place +15 kg
5th place +10 kg
b) Additional weights will be allocated to cars finishing in the top three places in the SR2 final results, determined on the following scale:
1st place +20 kg
2nd place +15 kg
3rd place +10 kg
c) The maximum handicap weight is 50 kg for SR1 and 30 kg for SR2. Additional weights cannot be applied even if a car continues to finish in the top placings.
69a) Handicap Weight will be reduced on the following basis for SR1:
6th place - 20 kg
7th place - 25 kg
8th place or lower - 30 kg
b) Handicap Weight will be reduced on the following basis for SR2:
4th place - 10 kg
5th place - 15 kg
6th place or lower - 20 kg
c) Handicap Weight will not be reduced by more than 30 kg per Event for SR1 and 20 kg per Event for
d) Handicap Weight will only be reduced where the car finishes lower than fifth place in SR1 and lower than third place in SR2.
e) Retirement during the race:
Any car which is considered a participant (see 70a), but is not classified as a finisher, will be eligible for the maximum reduction in handicap weight ie –30kg for SR1 and –20kg for SR2.
For any car which is excluded, the weight will remain unchanged.
f) New cars entering the Championship for event two will carry 15 kg in SR1 only. From event three onwards, new cars in SR1 will carry 25 kg. This will then be added to or reduced in accordance with Articles
68 a) and b) and Articles 69 a) and b).
70. The handicap weight is added to the weight of the car (see Technical Regulations, Article 258A-1.8), measured in scrutineering at each event. This ballast must be securely fixed and contained within the passenger seat/footwell area (see Articles 258 A -1.8 of the Appendix J).
71a) A car is considered a participant once it crosses the line at the start or starts from the pit lane.
b) If only half of the Championship points are awarded in a race (when a race has been stopped), the
Handicap Weight will be divided by two and rounded down to the nearest kg.
72a) A driver may not profit by changing to another car within the same team which has a lower Handicap Weight.
b) If a team wishes to switch drivers between its cars, the car to which the driver transfers will have to carry the weight attributable to the original car which he has been driving. The original car from which the driver has transferred will still retain its attributed weight.
PRICE CAPS FOR 2002
New Cars – Cars, Chassis and Engines must be built from all new parts.
Out of production – No new cars have been sold for 12 months and/or the car has been permanently withdrawn from sale
Used Factory Car – To qualify as a used factory car, the car must have previously been raced.
Turnkey Car – The constructor manufactures or supplies both the chassis and engine, neither of which are available from any other source.
73 bis. An independent team must be able to purchase a turnkey SportsRacing Car, chassis ex-engine, or engine from the original builders for no more than the capped prices shown below. These are ex-factory prices, i.e. freight/delivery is extra.
If proprietary chassis and engines are put together to sell as a complete car the individual price cap for the engine and chassis must be respected in establishing the total price of the complete car.
Used Factory Cars
a) The price caps will be set for the next season by 30 October of the preceding year.
b) Any staged payment must be accepted at the currency exchange rate prevailing at the date that the firm order is placed.
c) New and Used Factory cars, currently in production.
DEFINITION OF AN ORDER
74. An agreement acceptable to both parties or placed in the suggested manner:
An Order should constitute a minimum deposit of 25% of the purchase price, to be deposited in an escrow account. Should the constructor fail to deliver within the prescribed period, they are then obliged to return the deposit plus interest at a rate of 10% p.a. Otherwise, the Purchaser must complete the purchase. This regulation applies to a new design of chassis, first raced after 1st January 1998.
Other normal trading terms and conditions should apply.
ELIGIBILITY - SUPPLY OF COMPLETE TURNKEY CARS, CHASSIS AND ENGINES
75a) Only Approved Eligible Cars will be permitted into the Championship, i.e. only those with an approved FIA manufacturers and competitors Technical Form and which meet the FIA Eligibility and Price Cap Regulations.
An engine builder must supply engines for at least 4 FIA Sportscar Championship customer cars in a 12- month period, if required.
Current Production New and Used Factory Cars
Cars referred to must all be of the same model, if a factory wishes to race or sell new cars in the FIA Sportscar Championship for the forthcoming season, any used factory cars being used to make up the total requirements for eligibility must be of the same specification as the cars that they intend to race.
Updates to a later specification are permitted provided that the update parts are available for all cars previously sold, that are being counted towards the eligibility requirement.
The total cost of the updated car must not exceed the price cap for a new car. This represents the original cost of the used car plus the cost of the update kit. If the car was originally sold as new then the used car
price cap may be used as the base figure.
The following requirements can be made up of New cars and / or used factory cars, to be supplied during a season, if required:
At least 3 cars must be available to regular FIA Sportscar Championship Customer Teams, if none are sold and raced elsewhere.
At least 2 cars must be available to regular FIA Sportscar Championship Customer Teams, if 1 or more (Sports Racing Cars of a similar model) are sold elsewhere.
Once a total number of 5 cars, of a particular model and specification (including cars with update kits) have been supplied and raced in the Championship, there is no further obligation to build and supply further cars
i) Cars and engines must be complete and ready to race. No extras that improve performance or reliability are allowed at an extra cost over the price cap. Not included in the Price Cap: Data logging systems, boost monitors and tyres.
ii) A sales leaflet giving the specification and sale prices for cars and engines must be lodged with the FIA by 1st January each year, or for a new car or engine, four weeks before its first event.
iii) Cars, Chassis and Engines supplied under the ‘New Cars’ price cap must be built from all new parts.
iv) The engine must be supplied to the specification that is raced including flywheel, engine management system (complete excluding wiring), the inlet system (complete excluding airbox and restrictor(s)), intercooler(s) (units only) and turbo or supercharger(s) (units only).
v) Alterations for different engine installations are the responsibility of the chassis constructor.
vi) If a small constructor, or team, builds a “one-off”, they will be regarded as a constructor and the same conditions will apply regarding supply of further cars.
If a chassis is out of production, there is no obligation to supply further cars.
vii) SR1: Constructors who sell Approved Eligible turnkey cars, with their own exclusive engine, are not obliged to sell the engines for use in chassis produced by other constructors, but, if required to supply spare engines to their customer teams, they must be within the price cap, or within a price capped leasing figure (to be agreed.).
b) The cars must be available for open purchase.
If a constructor, or engine builder, given an order 5 months in advance of the required delivery date, cannot make delivery at the agreed time, their products will be removed from the list of Approved Eligible cars or engines. (The order triggers the 5-month period. This period cannot commences before the first Monday after the first FIA Sportscar Championship event in which the first delivered car has taken part.) The constructor will have to immediately withdraw their car(s) until complying with the rules.
c) Parts must be freely available to independent engine builders, who have an engine to rebuild.
d) The manufacturer of a "New" engine will be given 9 months (instead of 5 months) before being required to meet the eligibility supply conditions. A new engine is defined as follows:
i) An engine that has not previously been raced in any Sports Racing Car (as defined in Art 258A-1.1 of the FIA Sports Racing Car Technical regulations) or FIA-approved GT car.
ii) A detailed change of design to an existing engine does not entitle it to be called a "New" engine.
iii) If the following technical specification is maintained, it will not be regarded as a "New" engine:
• Same number of cylinders and valves
• Same configuration in respect of:
- Bore spacing
- Cylinder bank angles
- Valve angles
- Number of camshafts
• Capacity within 500cc of the previous engine
• Same induction either N/A or boosted.
e) The ruling of the FIA on the eligibility of turnkey cars, chassis and engines is final.
ELIGIBILITY - SUPPLY OF PARTS
76. Any update parts used in the Constructor’s own and/or favoured team cars must be available to all private teams within one month of their first use in a race, at published spares price. If not, the factory team must revert to its original specification until the parts can be supplied.
BALANCE OF PERFORMANCE
77. In order to maximise equality of performance, the Bureau reserves the right to adjust the following:
- a) minimum weight of the car (Technical Regulations – Article 258A)
- b) Boost Pressure Limits. (Technical Regulations – Article 258A )
- c) Air Restrictor Sizes. (Technical Regulations, Articles 258A)
- d) The aerodynamics of single anti-roll structures compared to double structures. Where cars meet all the eligibility criteria except that they have a rear monohoop main rollover structure the following must be complied with to participate in the FIA Sportscar Championship.
a). Have the top of the monohoop structure extended sideways to include the "passenger" side.
i). Minimum top horizontal section 300mm.
ii). Minimum 100mm radius to the vertical leg.
iii). Minimum angle of the vertical leg 10 degrees.
iv). Be bonded securely to top of the monohoop structure.
v). Have the base of the vertical securely attached to the chassis.
The constructional material should be appropriate and maintain as a minimum the same width and form as the top of the monohoop.
b). The constructor may have an additional symmetrical monohoop at the "passenger" side which would be an appropriate structure and be securely attached to the rear bodywork or the chassis.
i). Identical in shape and forms to the tested structure.
ii). Symmetrical in all respects.
iii). Have as a minimum 300mm between the top centres.
Each supplementary structure must be approved case by case by the FIA but would not be subjected to the Safety Structure Tests (Art. 258A-15) and would follow the definitions for height, etc for rollover structures and not bodywork.
d)-2 A reduction in restrictor size
Any changes to restrictor sizes and boost limits must be made within 20 days (including the day of issue) after the date of notification of the FIA’s official decision. If the deadline falls in the middle of an event, then the change must be made for the beginning of that event.
- e) Fuel Tank Capacity – 80 litres for SR1 900, 70 litres for LMP 675 and 60 litres for SR2
GENERAL CAR REQUIREMENTS
78. No signal of any kind may pass between a moving car and anyone connected with the car's entrant or driver, save for the following:
a) Legible messages on a pit board.
b) Body movement by the driver.
c) Lap trigger signals from the pits to the car. Lap marker transmitters shall be battery powered and once operating must be free-standing (i.e. not attached to any other pit equipment by means of wires or optical fibres) and incapable of receiving external information.
Such lap triggers shall use a transmitter operating with a carrier frequency above 10GHz (radio or optical) and a beam half angle of no more than 36° when measured at the 3dB point, and shall not be used for the transmission of any data from pit to the car other than the lap mark. Lap mark data must be transmitted repeatedly and must be demonstrably consistent.
d) Any equipment located on the pit wall cannot protrude beyond the track side face of the wall. Any pit signalling boards must not obscure any circuit signalling lights or system.
e) Verbal communication between a driver and his team by radio.
f) Electromagnetic radiation between 2.0 and 2.7GHz is forbidden save with the written consent of the FIA.
g) Competitors having the intention of using radio transceivers between the car and the pits must receive permission from the Event Organisers and obtain the necessary permit and present it at Sporting Checks.
They must give details of the radio frequency they wish to use. If this interferes with a local emergency frequency the team must change to a non-conflicting frequency.
79. Official instructions will be given to drivers by means of the signals laid out in the Code. Competitors must not use flags similar in any way whatsoever to these.
80. Drivers are strictly forbidden to drive their car in the opposite direction to the race unless this is absolutely necessary in order to move the car from a dangerous position. A car may only be pushed to remove it from a dangerous position as directed by the marshals. If a car is pulled or pushed to a place of safety during the race, it will be allowed to continue in the race only if the engine has been kept running or it has been restarted by the driver alone with the onboard starter. A driver is not regarded as abandoning his car if he remains close to the car whilst it is being recovered.
81. Any driver intending to leave the track or to go to his pit or the paddock area must signal his intention to do so in good time making sure that he can do this without danger.
82. During practice and the race, drivers may only use the track and must at all times observe the provisions of the Code relating to driving behaviour on circuits.
83. A driver who abandons a car must leave it in neutral or with the clutch disengaged and with the steering wheel in place.
84. If repairs to the car are made while it is on the track, the car must be moved to a safe place, and only the driver may work on the car, using tools carried on board the car.
85. The organiser must make at least two fire extinguishers of 5 kg capacity available at each pit and ensure that they work properly.
86. Save as specifically authorised by the Code or these Sporting Regulations, no one except the driver may touch a stopped car unless it is in the pits or on the starting grid.
87. At no time may a car be reversed in the pit lane under its own power.
88. During the periods commencing 15 minutes prior to and ending 5 minutes after every practice session and the period between the green lights being illuminated and the time when the last car enters the parc fermé, no one is allowed on the track with the exception of:
a) marshals or other authorised personnel in the execution of their duty;
b) drivers when driving or under the direction of the marshals. 89. During a race, the engine may only be started with the starter, except in the pit lane where the use of an external slave battery is allowed under the conditions provided for in Article 104.
90. Drivers taking part in practice and the race must always wear the clothes and helmets specified in the Code. The checking of the drivers' equipment is carried out when the cars are weighed.
91. A speed limit of 60 kph in timed practice, qualifying, during the warm-up and in the race will be enforced in the pit lane.
During practice and reconnaissance laps, any driver who exceeds the limit will be penalised. During the race, the stewards may impose any penalty on any driver who exceeds the limit.
92. If a driver has serious mechanical difficulties during practice or the race, he must leave the track or return to his pit as soon as it is safe to do so.
93. The car's rear light must be illuminated at all times when it is running on wet-weather tyres.
94a) A maximum number of team members are admitted to the signalling area on the pit wall, as follows:
1-car team = 4 team members
2-car team = 7 team members
3-car team = 9 team members
Each signalling team member must be approved and wear an FIA yellow pit wall armband that cannot be exchanged with other personnel. A driver is permitted to the signalling area providing his overalls have the FIA yellow patch.
b) No parasols, sunshades or umbrellas will be allowed. Pit wall timing devices must be properly secured and must not obstruct the view.
95. Animals, except those which may have been expressly authorised by the FIA for use by security services, are forbidden in the pit area and on the track and in any spectator area.
96. The race director and the clerk of the course can require a driver to undergo a medical examination at any time during an Event.
97. Failure to comply with the general safety requirements of the Code or these Sporting Regulations may result in the exclusion of the car and driver concerned from the Event.
98a) For the avoidance of doubt and for description purposes, the pit lane shall be divided into two lanes.
The lane closest to the pit wall is designated the "fast lane", and the lane closest to the garages is designated the "inner lane", and is the only area where any work may be carried out on a car.
b) Competitors must not paint lines on any part of the pit lane.
c) No equipment may be left in the fast lane. A car may enter or remain in the fast lane only with the driver sitting in the car behind the steering wheel in his normal position, and under its own power.
d) No car may drive through the pit area of another team.
e) The team may place the inner front and rear wheels and guns, closest to the garage, in position just before the car arrives for the pit stop. Otherwise there may be no equipment or personnel in the pit lane until the car stops.
f) Team mechanics are only allowed on the pit lane immediately before they are required to work on the car and must withdraw together with all equipment as soon as the pit stop is completed.
FUEL, REFUELLING AND PIT ASSISTANCE
99. For all Events in the Championship competitors must:
a) Only use unleaded fuel complying with Art. 258A-16 of Appendix J.
b) Only use the fuel provided by the Event organiser at the circuit.
c) Not use any fuel other than a) above unless a waiver has been specifically approved by the FIA and the Event organiser.
100. Refuelling is allowed in the pits only, save as provided for in Articles 151 and 152. Any refuelling may only be carried out either at the beginning or at the end of a pit stop. While refuelling is being carried out, the car must remain on its wheels.
The driver may remain in his car throughout refuelling but the engine must be stopped. The competitor must ensure that an assistant with an extinguisher (minimum capacity, 5 kg) ready to work is beside the car throughout refuelling and that during the refuelling stop, all refuelling personnel (a maximum of two persons), specifically designated for this operation, are wearing fireproof overalls, gloves and balaclavas (specified and approved by the FIA), and helmets incapable of being confused with drivers' helmets.
Before and during any refuelling operation, the car must be electrically earthed.
The refuelling of the tower is prohibited while the car is being refuelled.
The tower’s centre of gravity and the centre of the area defined by the feet of the tower are not more than 10 cm apart in the vertical plane.
101. All fuel stocked in the pits must be in leak-proof containers which have been tested to a pressure of three atmospheres. During the race, any refuelling in the pits must be carried out with one independent tank per pit in accordance with Appendix J, Article 258A-6.4, except with regard to the maximum internal diameter of the flow restrictor which may be 40 mm.
102. During the race, it is forbidden to change the chassis or the monocoque structure, under penalty of exclusion, as well as to use any heating or heat-retaining device for the tyres. During the race, it is also forbidden to change cylinder blocks (crankshaft case and cylinders), under penalty of exclusion.
103a) There can be a maximum of two Refuellers per participating car, who must be identified by orange FIA refuellers’ armbands. Refuellers must wear fireproof overalls, balaclavas, gloves and boots/shoes, visors or goggles and must wear helmets when refuelling the car. The fuel supply shut off controller must wear fireproof overalls, balaclavas, gloves and boots/shoes. During refuelling, a mechanic may remove rubbish from the air intakes or clean a driver's visor. It is permitted to download data during refuelling. Any person working on a car or checking a car during refuelling must wear fire-resistant overalls (this includes tyre and brake technicians, persons downloading data, etc).
b) A mechanic or the outgoing driver may assist a driver with seat belts, etc.
c) A maximum of four mechanics per participating car may work on the car during a pit stop or may change tyres and must be identified by a green FIA mechanic’s armband.
There must be one person acting as a wheel catcher, in the outer lane, who may be in addition to the four permitted mechanics.
Only 2 wheel guns are permitted per participating car for wheel changing.
Additionally the team manager or nominated person may control the car stop/start but not undertake any other work on the car unless he replaces a mechanic. All the above personnel must wear fire-resistant overalls, balaclavas, boots or shoes, visors or glasses.
Additional to the above a maximum of two technicians (tyres and / or brakes) and one ECU data technician may make checks during a pit stop.
d) Except when work is being carried out, all team personnel must remain in their pit garage. All personnel standing in the 'inner pit lane' working area during a pit stop will be counted, including a driver if he works on the car.
e) If the car is removed into the garage, there is no limitation on the number of personnel working on the car.
104. During any pit stop, the driver must stop the engine. During a pit stop, the engine may be started at any time using the on-board starter. The assistance of a 'slave' battery is permitted. The car's engine may only be started by the on-board starter, at any time, with the wheels on the ground.
105. During the race cars may be replenished with oil up to a maximum of 1 litre for the engine and 1 litre for the gearbox, once per race.
106. Any breach of the provisions of the Code or these Sporting Regulations relating to pit assistance and refuelling may result in the exclusion of the car and driver(s) concerned from the Event. One marshal per competing car will be present to check that the rules relating to pit assistance and refuelling are respected.
TIMED PRACTICE, QUALIFYING PRACTICE AND WARM UP
107. Save where these Sporting Regulations require otherwise, pit and track discipline and safety measures will be the same for all practice sessions as for the race.
108. No driver may start in the race without taking part in timed practice or qualifying practice, except in a case of force majeure duly recognised as such by the stewards.
109. During all practices there will be a green and a red light at the pit exit. Cars may only leave the pit lane when the green light is on. Additionally, a blue flag and / or a flashing blue light will be shown at the pit exit to warn drivers leaving the pits if cars are approaching on the track.
110. Any testing by registered teams/drivers, in any FIA SR1 900 or SR2 category car or LMP 675 car, is banned on the Championship circuits seven days prior to the Event ( see Appendix J, Article 258 1.7) with the exception of one or two official testing sessions proposed by the FIA. All the teams will be invited to this session, the costs of which will be divided among the participants.
111. Two 75-minute sessions of timed practice during which drivers and cars may qualify will take place on the day before the race at the following times:
09.00 hrs - 10.15 hrs
11.45 hrs - 13.00 hrs
Organisers may apply to change the time of the start of the sessions by up to fifteen minutes either way, but there must be a gap of at least ninety minutes between the end of the first session and the start of the second session; notwithstanding this, no practice session or warm-up may start before 09.00 hrs.
112. Qualifying for grid positions will take place on the day before the race. Drivers may also qualify during this session. There will be one 30-minute session for SR2 cars and one 30-minute session for SR1 cars, with a 5-minute break between the sessions.
These sessions will take place at the following times:
SR2: 15.30 hrs - 16.00 hrs
SR1: 16.05 hrs - 16.35 hrs
Organisers may apply to change the time of the start of the sessions by up to 15 minutes either way, but there must be a gap of at least 2 hours between the end of the second timed practice session and the start of the qualifying sessions.
113. There will be a 20-minute Warm-Up session on the morning of the race, from 09.00 hrs to 09.20 hrs.
114. Under no circumstances can a delay in the free practice session (warm-up) or other difficulty on race morning result in a change to the starting time of the race.
115. During the Event, it is forbidden to use any heating or heat-retaining device for the tyres.
116. If a car stops during practice, it must be removed from the track as quickly as possible so that its presence does not constitute a danger or hinder other competitors. If the driver is unable to drive the car from a dangerous position, it shall be the duty of the marshals to assist him.
117. The clerk of the course may interrupt practice as often and for as long as he thinks necessary to clear the track or to allow the recovery of a car. In the case of timed practice only, the clerk of the course may decline to prolong the practice period after an interruption of this kind, with the agreement of the stewards.
Furthermore if, in the opinion of the stewards, a stoppage is caused deliberately, the driver concerned may have his times from that session cancelled and may not be permitted to take part in any other practice session that day.
118. All cars abandoned on the circuit during the first timed practice session will be brought back to the pits during the interval and may participate in the subsequent session.
119. Should one or more sessions be thus interrupted, no protest can be accepted as to the possible effects of the interruption on the qualification of drivers admitted to start.
120a) All laps covered during qualifying practice will be timed to determine the car's position at the start in accordance with the prescriptions of Article 125.
With the exception of a lap in which a red flag is shown (see Article 148), each time a car crosses the Line it will be deemed to have completed one lap.
b) To qualify, drivers must achieve a lap time of at least equal to 110 % of the average of the three best laps of the three fastest cars in the class.
c) No driver may take part in the warm-up or in the race without having taken part in timed practice or qualifying (except in a case of force majeure, at the Stewards’ discretion).
d) Provided that this does not exceed the maximum number of cars prescribed at the start, the Stewards may admit cars that have not achieved the minimum qualifying time for reasons of force majeure. Such cars may be allowed to start only on condition that:
i) They do not eliminate cars regularly qualified.
ii) They are judged able to achieve the minimum qualifying time.
iii) The drivers offer all safety guarantees.
iv) SR1 cars thus admitted are placed to the rear of the SR1 cars on the starting grid and SR2 cars thus admitted to the rear of the SR2 cars on the starting grid (see Article 127).
v) The Stewards reserve the right to place an SR1 car behind the SR2 cars if they deem it necessary.
vi) If more than one car is starting from the back of the grid, cars will be placed in order of the times achieved in the timed practice sessions.
e) The Stewards may also admit to the start drivers who have taken part in timed practice or qualifying but who did not qualify due to force majeure. In this case:
i. If the other driver has achieved a qualifying time he must start the race.
ii. If neither driver has achieved a qualifying time, the faster driver must start the race.
STOPPING THE PRACTICE
121a) Should it become necessary to stop the practice because the circuit is blocked by an accident or because weather or other conditions make it dangerous to continue, the clerk of the course shall order a red flag and the abort lights to be shown at the Line. Simultaneously, red flags will be shown at all the marshals' posts.
When the signal is given to stop, all cars shall immediately reduce speed and proceed slowly back to their respective pits, and all cars abandoned on the track will be removed to a safe place.
At the end of the practice session, all drivers may cross the Line only once.
b) Should any qualifying session be disrupted, the clerk of the course will be obliged to resume the session to achieve the full time of the session. He is not obliged to make up lost time in the timed practices or warm-up. In the case of reckless or careless driving, the driver(s) concerned may have their time from that session cancelled and/or may be refused further participation in that session, in addition to any other penalty.
122. A minimum of three and a maximum of six drivers and/or team personalities will be chosen by ballot or rota by the FIA press delegate during the Event and must make themselves available to the media for a press conference in the media centre for a period of 30 minutes, at a time to be specified in the Event regulations.
123. Immediately after qualifying practice, the first three drivers in qualifying in each class (SR1 and SR2) will be required to make themselves available for television interviews in the unilateral room and then attend a press conference in the media centre for a maximum period of 30 minutes.
124. At the end of qualifying practice, the fastest time achieved by each driver will be published officially.
125. The grid will be drawn up in the order of the fastest time achieved by each car. Should two or more cars have set identical times, priority will be given to the one which set it first.
126. The fastest car will start the race from the position on the grid which was the pole position in the previous year or, on a new circuit, has been designated as such by the FIA.
127. The SR1 cars will be placed in front of the SR2 cars.
128. The final starting grid will be published one hour after the warm-up on race day. Any competitor whose car(s) is (are) unable to start for any reason whatsoever (or who has good reason to believe that their car(s) will not be ready to start) must inform the clerk of the course accordingly at the earliest opportunity and, in any event, no later than 45 minutes before the start of the race. If one or more cars are withdrawn the grid will be closed up accordingly.
129. The grid will be in a staggered 2 x 2 formation and the rows on the grid will be separated by at least 4 metres.
130. Any car which has not left the pits to take up its position on the grid by the time the five minutes signal is given will not be permitted to do so and must start from the pits.
131a) A briefing by the race director of specified senior officials will take place in the Championship
Headquarters at 17.30 hrs two days before the race.
b) A briefing by the race director will be given at 10.20 hrs on the day of the race. All competitors (or their appointed representatives) and all drivers must be present throughout the briefing. Failure to attend may result in a fine of 1000 Swiss Francs or its equivalent in local currency.
132. 15 minutes prior to the start of the formation lap, the pit lane will open and the cars will be permitted to leave the pits to cover a reconnaissance lap. At the end of this lap they should stop on the grid in their starting position with their engine stopped.
133. Should they wish to cover more than one reconnaissance lap, this must be done by driving down the pit lane at greatly reduced speed between each of the laps. Under no circumstances may a car be driven through the grid.
134. The pit lane will close five minutes before the start of the formation lap. Any cars still in the pit lane will be held at the pit lane exit to join the rear of the grid after the last car has passed the pit lane exit at thstart of the formation lap, and will start from the rear of the grid. Any car not ready for release to join the other starters on the formation lap will be held at the pit lane exit for release after the last car has passed the pit lane exit after the start of the race.
135. The countdown/audible warning procedure will be:
15 minutes to start of formation lap Audible warning: Pit lane open for 10 minutes
7 minutes to start of formation lap Audible warning: Pit lane closing in 2 minutes
5 minutes to start of formation lap Audible warning: Pit lane closed
3 minutes to start of formation lap Audible warning: Clear grid of non-team personnel
2 minutes to start of formation lap Audible warning: Clear grid of all except officials and one start mechanic per car
1 minute to start of formation lap Audible warning: Start engines. Clear grid.
30 seconds to start of formation lap Audible/visible warning.
Green Flag Start of formation lap behind Safety Car.
The start of the formation lap will be given at 13.30 hrs. Organisers may apply to change this by up to 30 minutes either way.
136. Any car failing to leave the grid with the other cars has 20 seconds in which to be push-started but must remain at the back of the grid.
137. Any car unable to maintain its position on the formation lap must drop to the back of the grid and remain there until crossing the start line at the start of the race.
138. Any cars removed from the grid after the five-minute signal and before the formation lap, or driven into the pits on the formation lap, shall be held in the pit lane and may start the race after the last car to take the start from the grid has passed the pit lane exit, and shall do so under the instruction of the pit lane marshal.
139. Excessive weaving (using more than 50% of the track width) to warm up tyres, and falling back to accelerate and practice starts, are prohibited and may be subject to a penalty.
140. In the event of any Red/Green starting lights failure, the Starter will display a "Start Delayed" board.
The countdown procedure will commence again from the 1-minute signal and the national flag will be used to start the race.
141. Competitors adjudged to have made a false start will be penalised by the Stewards.
142. Only in the following cases will any variation in the starting procedure be allowed:
a) If the track is dry throughout all practice sessions but becomes wet (or vice-versa) after the end of the warm-up and at least 60 minutes before the starting time, a 15-minute free practice session will be allowed.
b) If it starts to rain after the 5 minute board but before the green light and, in the opinion of the race director, the teams should be given the opportunity to change tyres, a "START DELAYED" sign will be shown on the
Line and the starting procedure will begin again at the 15-minute point. If necessary the procedure set out in Article 135 will be followed.
c) If the start of the race is imminent and, in the opinion of the race director, the volume of water on the track is such that it cannot be negotiated safely even on treaded tyres, the race director may delay the start of the race by causing the "START DELAYED" board to be shown simultaneously with a "10" board with a red background.
This "10" board with a red background will mean that there is to be a delay of ten minutes before the starting procedure can be resumed. If weather conditions have improved at the end of that ten-minute period, a "10" board with a green background will be shown. The "10" board with a green background will mean that the green flag will be deployed in ten minutes.
Five minutes after the "10" board with the green background is shown, the starting procedure will begin and the normal starting procedure boards (i.e. 5, 3, 1 min., 30 second) will be shown. If however, the weather conditions have not improved within ten minutes after the "10" board with the red background was shown, the "10" board with the red background will be shown again which will mean a further delay of ten minutes before the starting procedure can be resumed.
This procedure may be repeated several times.
At any time when a "10" board (with either a red or green background) is shown, it will be accompanied by an audible warning.
143. There must be no track activity, other than pre-arranged parades and demonstrations, in the 45-minute period prior to the opening of the pit lane at the start of the countdown procedure.
144. A race will not be stopped in the event of rain unless the circuit is blocked or it is dangerous to continue (see Article 149).
145. If a car stops during the race, it must be removed from the track as quickly as possible so that its presence does not constitute a danger or hinder other competitors. If the driver is unable to drive the car from a dangerous position, it shall be the duty of the marshals to assist him. If any such assistance results in the engine starting and the driver rejoining the race, the car will be excluded from the results of the race.
146. During the race, drivers leaving the pit lane will do so only when the light at the pit lane exit is green and under their own responsibility.
A marshal with a blue flag, or a blue flashing light, will also warn the driver if cars are approaching on the track.
147. Each car must make a minimum of three pit stops during the race.
148a) The car must be marked "SAFETY CAR" in letters of similar dimensions to those of the race numbers, on the rear and sides. It must have three revolving yellow lights on the roof, each powered by a different electrical circuit. It will be driven by an experienced circuit driver. It will carry an FIA-approved observer capable of recognising all the competing cars, who is in permanent radio contact with race control.
b) 30 minutes before the race start time, the safety car will take up position at the front of the grid and remain there until the five-minute signal is given. At this point (except under n) below) it will cover a whole lap of the circuit and enter the pit lane. If the appropriate Championship or event regulations are applied to authorise a free practice session of 15 minutes, the safety car will take up its position at the front of the grid as soon as the 15-minute free practice session has finished.
c) The safety car may be brought into operation to neutralise a race upon the decision of the clerk of the course.
It will be used only if competitors or officials are in immediate physical danger but the circumstances are not such as to necessitate stopping the race.
d) When the order is given to deploy the safety car, all observers' posts will display immobile yellow flags and a "SC" board which shall be maintained until the intervention is over.
e) During the race, the safety car, with its revolving yellow lights on, will start from the pit lane and will join the track regardless of where the race leader is.
f) All the competing cars will form up in line behind the safety car no more than 5 car lengths apart. All overtaking is forbidden (except under n) below), unless a car is signalled to do so from the safety car.
g) When ordered to do so by the clerk of the course, the observer in the safety car will use a fixed green light on the rear of the car to signal to any cars between it and the race leader that they should pass. These cars will continue at reduced speed and without overtaking until they reach the line of cars behind the safety car.
h) The safety car shall be used at least until the leader is behind it and all remaining cars are lined up behind him (or, when there is more than one safety car, all the cars in that safety car's sector). Once behind the safety car, the race leader (or leader of that sector) must keep within 5 car lengths of it (except under j) below) and all remaining cars must keep the formation as tight as possible.
i) While the safety car is in operation, competing cars may stop at their pit, but may only rejoin the track when the green light at the pit exit is on. It will be on at all times except when the Safety Car and the line of cars following it are about to pass or are passing the pit exit. A car rejoining the track must proceed at
j) When the clerk of the course calls in the safety car, it must extinguish all the revolving lights; this will be the signal to the drivers that it will be entering the pit lane at the end of that lap. At this point the first car in line behind the safety car may dictate the pace and, if necessary, fall more than five car lengths behind it. As the safety car is approaching the pit entrance, the yellow flags and SC boards at the observer's posts will be withdrawn and green flags will be displayed for one lap.
k) When the safety car has pulled off the circuit and the cars are approaching the Line, green lights will be shown. Overtaking remains strictly forbidden until the cars pass the green light at the Line.
l) Each lap completed while the safety car is deployed will be counted as a race lap.
m) If the race is stoppedunder Case C, the safety car will take the chequered flag and all cars able to do so must follow it into the pit lane and into the parc fermé.
n) In exceptional circumstances the race may be started behind the safety car. In this case, its revolving yellow lights will be on at all times up to the one-minute signal. This is the signal to the drivers that the race will be started behind the safety car. When the green lights are shown, the safety car will leave the grid with all cars following in grid order no more than 5 car lengths apart. There will be no formation lap and the race will start when the leading car crosses the Line for the first time.
Overtaking, during the first lap only, is permitted if a car is delayed when leaving its grid position and cars behind cannot avoid passing it without unduly delaying the remainder of the field. In this case, drivers may only overtake to re-establish the original starting order. Any driver who is delayed leaving the grid may not overtake another moving car if he was stationary after the remainder of the cars had crossed the Line, and must form up at the back of the line of cars behind the safety car. If more than one driver is affected, they must form up at the back of the field in the order in which they left the grid.
A time penalty will be imposed on any driver who, in the opinion of the Stewards, unnecessarily overtook another car during the first lap.
o) There will be one safety car in operation at a time, except for circuits of over 7 km in length, where other safety cars, positioned at equidistant points around the circuit, may be authorised by the FIA. If more than one safety car is authorised, o) will apply, as well as the following requirements:
- The starting point of each safety car must be announced to all the drivers.
- When the safety cars pull off the circuit, green lights will be shown at their respective starting points. All observers' posts will then show a green flag. Overtaking remains strictly forbidden until the race cars pass the green light at the next safety car starting point. The green flags will be withdrawn after one lap.
STOPPING THE RACE
149. Should it become necessary to stop the race because the circuit is blocked by an accident or because weather or other conditions make it dangerous to continue, the clerk of the course shall order a red flag and the flashing yellow lights to be shown at the Line. Simultaneously, red flags will be shown at all marshal posts.
When the signal is given to stop, all cars shall immediately reduce speed in the knowledge that:
- the race classification will be that at the end of the penultimate lap before the lap in which the signal to stop the race was given,
- race and service vehicles may be on the track,
- the circuit may be totally blocked because of an accident,
- weather conditions may have made the circuit undriveable at racing speed,
- the pit lane will be open.
150. The procedure to be followed varies according to the number of laps completed by the race leader before the signal to stop the race was given:
Case A: Less than two full laps. If the race can be restarted, Article 151 will apply.
Case B: Two or more full laps but less than 75% of the race distance (rounded up to the nearest whole number of laps). If the race can be restarted, Article 152 will apply.
Case C: 75% or more of the race distance (rounded up to the nearest whole number of laps). The cars will be sent directly to the parc fermé and the race will be deemed to have finished when the leading car crossed the Line for the penultimate time before the race was stopped.
RESTARTING A RACE
151. Case A.
a) The original start shall be deemed null and void.
b) The length of the restarted race will be the full original race distance.
c) The drivers who are eligible to take part in the race shall be eligible for the restart in their original car.
d) After the signal to stop the race has been given, all cars able to do so will proceed, directly but slowly, either:
- to the pit lane, or;
- if the grid is clear, to their original grid position, or;
- if the grid is not clear, to a position behind the last grid position as directed by the marshals.
e) All cars may be worked on.
f) No refuelling will be allowed.
152. Case B.
a) The race shall be deemed to be in two parts, the first of which finished when the leading car crossed the Line for the penultimate time before the race was stopped.
b) The distance of the second part will be the distance of the original race less the first part.
c) The grid for the second part will be a standard grid with the cars arranged in the order in which they finished the first part.
d) Only cars which took part in the original start will be eligible and then only if they returned under their own power by an authorised route, either:
- to the pit lane, or;
- to a position behind the last grid position as directed by the marshals.
e) Cars may be worked on in the pits or on the grid. If work is carried out on the grid, this must be done in the car's correct grid position and must in no way impede the re-start.
f) If a car returns to the pits it may be refuelled. If a car is refuelled it must take the re-start from the back of the grid and, if more than one car is involved, their positions will be determined by their order on the penultimate lap before the race was stopped. In this case their original grid positions will be left vacant.
153. In both Case A and Case B:
a) 10 minutes after the stop signal, the pit exit will close.
b) 15 minutes after the stop signal, the five-minute signal will be shown, the grid will close and the normal start procedure will recommence.
c) Any car which is unable to take up its position on the grid before the five-minute signal will be directed to the pits. It may then start from the pits.
The organiser must have sufficient personnel and equipment available to enable the foregoing timetable to be adhered to even in the most difficult circumstances.
154. The end-of-race signal will be given at the Line as soon as the leading car has completed the full race distance/duration.
155. Should for any reason (other than under Article 148) the end-of-race signal be given before the leading car completes the scheduled distance or before the scheduled time has elapsed, the race will be deemed to have finished when the leading car last crossed the Line before the signal was given. Should the end-of-race signal be delayed for any reason, the race will be deemed to have finished when it should have finished.
156. After receiving the end-of-race signal, all cars must proceed on the circuit directly to the parc fermé without stopping, without receiving any object whatsoever and without any assistance (except that of the marshals if necessary).
Any classified car which cannot reach the parc fermé under its own power will be placed under the exclusive control of the marshals who will take the car to the parc fermé.
157. Only those officials responsible for supervision may enter the parc fermé. No intervention of any kind is allowed there unless authorised by such officials.
158. When the parc fermé is in use, parc fermé regulations will apply in the area between the Line and the parc fermé entrance.
159. The parc fermé shall be sufficiently large and secure so that no unauthorised persons can gain access to it.
160. In order to be classified cars must cross the Finish line on the race track when the chequered flag is displayed. The car placed first will be the one having crossed the Line in the lead at the end of the race. All cars will be classified taking into account the number of complete laps they have covered, and for those which have completed the same number of laps, the order in which they crossed the Line.
161. If a car takes more than twice the time of the winner's fastest lap to cover its last lap, this last lap will not be taken into account when calculating the total distance covered by that car.
162. Cars having covered less than 60% of the number of laps covered by the winner of the class (rounded down to the nearest whole number of laps) will not be classified.
163. The official classification will be published after the race. These will be the only valid results subject to any amendments which may be made under the Code and these Sporting Regulations.
164. The drivers finishing the race in 1st, 2nd and 3rd positions in each class (SR1 and SR2), must attend the prize-giving ceremony on the podium and abide by the podium procedure set out in Appendix 3, and immediately thereafter make themselves available for a period of 30 minutes for the purpose of television interviews and the press conference. It is the responsibility of the relevant team managers to ensure that the drivers are at the podium within 5 minutes of the cars arriving at parc fermé, correctly attired in their racing overalls.
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