ARTICLE 6 RACING RULES
It is the responsibility of both the overtaking and overtaken Drivers to assure
safe passing at racing speeds. A car traveling alone may use the full width of
the track. Passing may be either right or left depending on the conditions of
6.2 PIT ENTRY/EXIT
Throughout the periods of practice, qualifying and racing, access to the pits
must be made through the designated pit entrance. The deceleration zone
before pit entrance and acceleration zone at pit exit shall not be considered as
part of the pits, and no work shall be performed on cars in these areas. IMSA
or the Race Director may impose penalties for driving in the pits which is
deemed dangerous, erratic or of inappropriately excessive speed for the
circumstances. IMSA will impose a speed limit of 60 kilometers/hour in pit
6.3 FLAG SIGNALS
The following signals are used both to advise Drivers of various conditions and
to direct Drivers to obey various specific instructions. Cloth flags are normally
used, but may be replaced with similarly coded rigid signaling boards or with
lights. Steady light is equivalent to a motionless flag; flashing light to a waved
6.3.1 GREEN FLAG
Start of race, or cancellation of a danger previously signaled. Track is clear.
6.3.2 BLUE FLAG
188.8.131.52 Motionless: Another competitor is following you and may be trying to pass you.
184.108.40.206 Waved: Make way for another competitor who is trying to pass you. Blue flag
will normally be used in a case where the overtaken Driver is obviously
unaware of the following car, or is clearly obstructing another car.
6.3.3 YELLOW FLAG
220.127.116.11 Motionless: Danger, no passing, slow down. Motionless yellow flag is
generally used to advise of an obvious danger or to forewarn of a more serious
danger ahead. Drivers should stop racing until they are past the danger zone.
18.104.22.168 Waved: Extreme danger, no passing, slow down, be prepared to stop. Waved
yellow flag may mean imminent and serious danger such as a partial track
blockage, fire on or near the track, or a crowd control hazard.
22.214.171.124 Double stationary yellow flag: Safety car.
6.3.4 WHITE FLAG
126.96.36.199 One (1) lap to go. When the Official Starter displays a waving white flag just
prior to the scheduled conclusion of the race, it means the leader has started
his/her last lap regardless of the elapsed time or distance. The Official Starter
will also normally hold up one finger at this time.
188.8.131.52 Otherwise, the display of a stationary white flag anywhere on the circuit
denotes an ambulance, fire truck, wrecker or other service vehicle is on the
circuit, or a slow-moving race car is ahead.
6.3.5 YELLOW FLAG WITH VERTICAL RED STRIPES
Slippery surface and/or debris on course.
6.3.6 BLACK FLAG
184.108.40.206 Furled: WARNING. You have committed a dangerous or unsportsmanlike
action. Desist or you will be penalized.
220.127.116.11 Waved: Stop in the pits for a consultation next lap. This flag is usually
displayed along with the number of the car concerned for infraction of rules of
the circuit or act of poor sportsmanship.
18.104.22.168 If a competitor should fail to obey the black flag after it has been displayed to
him/her, the Race Director may instruct the Timekeeper to stop timing and scoring
the car (see also Article 6.3.10).
6.3.7 BLACK FLAG WITH ORANGE DISK
Your car has a mechanical fault of which you may not be aware. Stop at your
pit next lap.
6.3.8 RED FLAG (see also Article 4.17)
22.214.171.124 The race is stopped.
126.96.36.199 This flag is used exclusively at the discretion of the Race Director to stop the
race and displayed exclusively by the Official Starter. All other corner stations
shall display a black flag.
188.8.131.52 When the red flag is shown, Drivers will slow down to a slow speed and be
prepared to stop at any time. No passing. They will proceed in a line, slowly
and carefully around the circuit to the pits where they will be directed further.
184.108.40.206 Unless it is specifically authorized by the Race Director and announced to all
competitors, no service of any kind may be performed on any cars from the
time the red flag is shown until the race is restarted. This includes cars which
may already be in the pits.
6.3.9 BLACK AND WHITE CHECKERED FLAG
End of a session or end of a race. Return to the pits at reduced speed and
stop at the pits.
6.3.10 BLACK FLAG ALL
220.127.116.11 Interruption of practice or qualifying session. Return to the pits at reduced
speed and do not overtake any other car during your slow lap back to the pits.
18.104.22.168 The Official Starter will display a stationary black flag, all corner stations shall
display a stationary black flag, a waving yellow flag will be displayed at and/or
leading up to the scene of the incident.
6.3.11 SAFETY CAR
22.214.171.124 The Race Director may dispatch the safety car at any time during an event in
order to correct a hazardous situation. Drivers will be warned that a safety car
will be used when all turn stations display two stationary yellow flags. No
passing will be permitted anywhere on the circuit. The safety car will take the
course ahead of the current leader, if possible. All contestants will then follow
the safety car in single file.
126.96.36.199 The primary purpose of using the safety car is to create a traffic interval on the
circuit so that marshals may handle emergencies quicker and more safely;
therefore, it is essential that stragglers catch up with the field as quickly as
possible. It is forbidden for a contestant to pass the safety car unless he/she is
instructed to do so by an IMSA official.
188.8.131.52 Competitors may enter the pits while the safety car is on course, but they may
not re-enter the racing circuit unless directed by a marshal. They must fall into
line at the rear of the field after it has passed the pit area.
184.108.40.206 The safety car will pace the field for a minimum of two laps.
220.127.116.11 The Race Director will instruct the safety car to extinguish its safety lights to
indicate that the end of safety car intervention is about to occur. The safety
car will exit the course at the entrance to pit lane.
18.104.22.168 On the restart, the green flag will be displayed at the Start/Finish line, the
yellow flags dropped, and racing may begin again.
22.214.171.124 Special safety car procedures for a given event will be discussed at the
6.3.12 RAPID RESPONSE MEDICAL VEHICLE (R.R.M.V.)
While the R.R.M.V. is in motion on the race circuit, it is forbidden for a
contestant to pass the R.R.M.V. unless he/she is waved by specifically.
6.4 RULES WHEN AWAY FROM THE PITS
Only a Driver may perform work on an automobile within the first line of
protection on the circuit. It is not permitted for the crew or any other person to
render physical assistance in performing such work. Marshals or other officials
may push or tow a disabled car to a safe location without penalty. It is not
permitted for a Driver to push his/her car except in the pits.
6.5 RULES OF THE GRIDS AND PITS
Crew members shall wear clean uniforms or other appropriate and safe attire
at all times during practice, qualifying and the race in order to present the best
possible appearance to the public. Tank tops, shorts and similar attire will not
be permitted. Whenever Prototypes and/or GT cars are being refueled in pit
lane during practice, the refueler must wear fire-resistant clothing, including
gloves and balaclava or helmet with face shield and goggles. During a race, if
the race is of a length such that refueling is anticipated, crew members,
industry support people and all other individuals over the pit wall must wear full
fire-resistant clothing on their exterior. Industry support people must be clearly
identified as non-Team members.
All fueling in the pit lane during a race must be done using IMSA approved
gravity fed fueling rigs. Refer to the Supplementary Regulations for the
individual series for specific refueling regulations.
6.5.3 OTHER EQUIPMENT
126.96.36.199 General: Compressed air tanks, air lines, hoses, fuel barrels, refueling
equipment, tools, spare parts, spare body panels and any other equipment or
materials stored in the pits must be situated behind the pit wall and may not
block or infringe upon fire lanes or other designated safety zones.
188.8.131.52 Carts: Motorized carts and similar 3- or 4-wheeled vehicles may not be driven
into pit lane. Use of such vehicles in the paddock/garage areas must be for
legitimate purposes only. Excessive speeds in these areas will not be
tolerated. Participants may be required to abide by state regulations regarding
the licensing and use of these vehicles. Such vehicles may be prohibited at
certain events by local ordinance.
184.108.40.206 Air Tanks: Air tanks must be securely fastened or anchored once their
protective caps are removed. A protective cage or guard around the
regulators and fittings must be in place at all times.
220.127.116.11 Sparks: No electric-driven tools or other equipment which may generate
sparks are permitted in the pits.
18.104.22.168 Face Masks: It is recommended that crew members changing tires wear
protective face masks to prevent inhalation of certain materials.
22.214.171.124 All structures or fixtures extending over pit lane must be at least 6’ 7” above
the road surface.
6.5.4 PIT LANE REGULATIONS
126.96.36.199 A maximum of two (2) people per car will be permitted at the wall which
separates pit lane from the track depending on the layout and track
regulations. The Race director may further limit this number. Crossing pit lane
must be done under a pit marshal’s supervision during a race and should be
kept to a minimum at all other times. Just before the start of the race, until all
cars have passed the pits on the first green flag lap, no one except authorized
Officials and fire marshals may be at the signaling wall.
188.8.131.52 During a race one (1) person may go over the pit wall just prior to a scheduled
pit stop to signal the race car to its pit. This person may talk to the Driver or
crew members, but is not allowed to perform any other function. All other
Team members and all equipment must remain behind the wall until the car
has come to a stop in its designated pit. At that time a total of five (5) Team
members are permitted over the pit wall to perform service on the car. Not
counted in this total are:
a. A Driver seated in the car.
b. A Driver entering or leaving the car.
c. Industry representatives examining a car’s equipment, tires or other
d. The Team member manning a fire extinguisher.
All other Team members over the wall will be considered working on the car,
as will a Driver if he/she performs any work on the car.
184.108.40.206 Whenever a Team member is working under a car in pit lane, jack stands or
safety supports must be in place under the automobile.
220.127.116.11 Before leaving its assigned pit box, the race car must be completely free of all hoses,
tools, etc. At no time may a car be driven over its own air line, tool or part. Lines,
tools, parts, wheels, etc. must not be allowed to encroach upon, roll into, or otherwise
be propelled into the fast pit lane or adjacent pits. This regulation may be modified in
certain pit configurations. At the conclusion of the pit stop, Team members should
promptly carry all equipment back behind the pit wall.
18.104.22.168 During official practice and qualifying sessions, these same regulations are in
effect except that the Team is not restricted to a total of five Team members
performing service on the car.
6.5.5 PIT TRAFFIC
22.214.171.124 It is strictly forbidden to drive a car in reverse or against traffic under its own
power in pit lane. A Driver who overshoots his/her assigned pit must either
complete another lap or he/she may be pushed by his/her crew to his/her pit in
126.96.36.199 A car may be pushed in the pits by its Driver, its crew or by officials.
6.5.6 REMOVAL FROM PITS
Cars may be removed from the pits during a race only with the approval of the
Race Director. The Race Director may assign a marshal to observe the work
6.5.7 GRIDDING OF AUTOMOBILES
All automobiles must be gridded at a time designated in the Supplementary
Regulations. Any automobile arriving after the published time may, at the
discretion of the Race Director, be placed on the back of the grid; it must not
attempt to regain its original starting position. The running of engines during
pre-race ceremonies will not be permitted.
6.5.8 OVAL TRACK PROCEDURES
These procedures will be used when IMSA classifies a race as an oval race on
188.8.131.52 OVAL TRACK YELLOW FLAGS/LIGHTS
Any yellow light or flag displayed is to be considered a full course yellow.
a. During Practice or Qualifying: As soon as a yellow light/flag is observed, all
Drivers must reduce speed and enter the pits as soon as possible.
b. During a Race: As soon as the yellow flag or light is observed, speeds must
be reduced with the leader slowing the field gradually in anticipation of the
safety car entering the circuit.
184.108.40.206 OVAL TRACK RACE START
On the final pace lap, the pace car will turn off its lights in Turn 2 and
accelerate from the field. The pole car brings the field gradually up to speed
for the start.
220.127.116.11 OVAL TRACK RESTARTS AFTER A CAUTION
Safety car will extinguish its lights and exit the circuit. Leader will gradually
bring the field back up to speed in anticipation of a restart. When the green
flag is displayed, all yellows will be immediately withdrawn and racing may
6.5.9 SOUND ENFORCEMENT
18.104.22.168 It is the responsibility of the Entrant to ensure that his/her car meets the
current IMSA sound regulations as published in the event Supplementary
Regulations. IMSA may, at its discretion, monitor sound levels or have others
monitor sound levels, and will employ enforcement as needed.
22.214.171.124 Local sound regulations beyond IMSA control may require additional procedures or
penalties for noncompliance. IMSA reserves the right to modify this procedure at any
ARTICLE 7 OFFICIALS
The officials responsible for conducting an IMSA event are organized as
OPERATING STEWARD/CLERK OF THE COURSE
EMERGENCY SERVICES COORDINATOR
CHIEF PIT MARSHAL
CHIEF PADDOCK MARSHAL
RAPID RESPONSE TEAM
SAFETY CAR TEAM
Except for the Stewards, the above officials may delegate part of their duties to
In addition to these officials, IMSA reserves the right to appoint a person to
evaluate and report on the event.
7.2 APPOINTMENT OF OFFICIALS
The Race Director and Stewards are appointed by IMSA. Other officials are
appointed subject to approval of IMSA.
Every official is expected to conduct him/herself in a manner which will reflect
credit on the sport of automobile racing and on IMSA. IMSA may remove an
official’s appointment and may penalize him/her if he/she fails to conduct
7.4 SEPARATION AND PLURALITY OF DUTIES
An official may have no responsibility or authority beyond that attached to
his/her appointment. However, except for the Race Director and Stewards, a
person may hold more than one official position.
7.5 RACE DIRECTOR
7.5.1 The Race Director is the chief executive at an event and is responsible directly to
IMSA for the conduct of the event. Accordingly, he/she has the duty and authority to:
7.5.2 Keep order in cooperation with civil authorities responsible for public safety.
7.5.3 Execute the program of competitions and other activities punctually by
directing the Drivers and their cars, officials and their assistants and other
7.5.4 Prevent ineligible cars and Drivers from taking part in an event.
7.5.5 Order inspection of any car in order to verify its eligibility.
7.5.6 Refer protests and disputes to the Stewards.
7.5.7 Determine, in consultation with the Stewards, whether conditions are safe to
continue the event, or else postpone a competition, modify the SR or alter the
schedule for reasons of safety or forces beyond his/her control.
7.5.8 Assess penalties in accordance with the IMSA CODE.
7.5.9 Replace any official not able to perform his/her duties.
7.5.10 Supervise the distribution of awards to eligible competitors.
7.5.11 Compile a report on all aspects of the event as requested by IMSA.
7.5.12 Assign certain responsibilities and/or authorities to the Stewards or other IMSA
7.5.13 Also serve as Operating Steward/Clerk of the Course in certain cases.
7.6 OPERATING STEWARD/CLERK OF THE COURSE
7.6.1 Operating Steward: The Operating Steward normally acts as the clerk of the
course for IMSA events. Duties described in Article 7.5 may be delegated by
the Race Director to the Operating Steward.
7.7.1 The stewards of the meeting shall sign and send to the ASN a closing report
as soon as practicable after the close of the meeting. This report will include
the results of each competition together with particulars of all protests lodged
and exclusions they may have made with their recommendations as to any
decisions which may have to be taken for a suspension or a disqualification. In
a meeting comprising several competitions, there may be different stewards of
the meeting for each competition.
7.7.2 The stewards of the meeting shall have supreme authority for the enforcement
Of the International Sporting CODE, the IMSA CODE, the Sporting and
Technical Regulations of the Series and the Event Supplementary
a. They shall decide what penalty to enforce in the event of a breach of the
b. In exceptional circumstances, they may amend the Supplementary
c. They may authorize a change of Drivers.
d. They may accept or refuse any correction proposed by a judge of fact.
e. They may access penalties for fines.
f. They may pronounce exclusions.
g. They may amend the classifications.
h. They may prohibit from competing any Driver or any vehicle which they consider
to be dangerous or which is reported to them by the Race Director as being
i. They may exclude from any one competition or for the duration of the meeting any
Entrant or Driver whom they consider as, or who is reported to them by the Race
Director or by the organizing committee as being ineligible to take part, or whom
they consider as being guilty of improper conduct or unfair practice.
j. Furthermore, they may order the removal from the course and its precincts of any
Entrant or Driver who refuses to obey the order of a responsible official.
k. They may postpone a competition in the event of force majeure or for serious
l. They may modify the program as to the position of the starting and finishing lines,
or in any other manner, if requested to do so by the Race Director or the organizer
in the interests of competitor and public safety.
m. In the event of the absence of one or several of the stewards of the meeting, they
may appoint one, or if necessary, several substitutes, especially when the
presence of three stewards is indispensable.
n. They may take the decision to stop a race.
o. In addition, matters my be submitted to them by the Race Director so that they
may impose the sanctions or penalties.
p. They may act as a court of inquiry when request by the Race Director, to consider
protests and other disputes. They may call and hear witnesses, consider
evidence and make recommendations to the Race Director for solving such
disputes and assessing penalties.
q. They may advise the Race Director on any matter which they feel will improve the
conduct or safety of the event.
The Starter operates directly under the Race Director and controls the competing
Drivers from the time the cars take their starting positions until the competition is
ended and all cars have left the racing circuit.
7.9 TIMEKEEPER (TIMER AND SCORER)
The Timekeeper and his/her staff are responsible for the accurate timing and scoring
of the event. They prepare the official results, maintain official qualifying times for
competing automobiles and furnish timing and scoring information requested by the
7.10 TECHNICAL DIRECTOR (SCRUTINEER)
The Technical Director is responsible for checking all competing cars for safety and
eligibility. The Technical Director and his/her assistants will conduct inspections at
the Race Director’s request, and will report any cars which he/she finds are unsafe or
7.11 FLAG MARSHAL
The Flag Marshal is responsible for recruiting, training and assignment of race control
personnel at corner stations.
7.12 COMMUNICATIONS MARSHAL
The Communications Marshal is responsible for the operation of the system used for
transmitting and receiving information between central control and the corner stations.
7.13 COURSE MARSHAL
The course marshal is responsible for final preparation and maintenance of the racing
circuit, and other related duties assigned by the Race Director.
7.14 MEDICAL DIRECTOR
The Medical Director is responsible for staffing and operating the event medical
establishment with qualified physicians, nurses and first aid personnel. Their primary
responsibility and purpose is the treatment and disposition of any injuries incurred by
the participants in the event.
7.15 OTHER OFFICIALS
IMSA may establish such other officials as it deems appropriate.
ARTICLE 8 PENALTIES
8.1 Any Driver, Entrant, official or other participant who a.) violates the CODE or the SR
of an event, b.) attempts to bribe anyone connected with an IMSA event or activity, or
c.) is party to a fraud or other act prejudicial to IMSA or to the interests of any
competitor or to the interests of motor sports generally may be penalized according to
the nature of the offense by IMSA or the Race Director of an event. Drivers may be
penalized for technical and other violations committed by their Entrant.
8.2 IMSA shall have the right to publish notice that it has imposed a penalty and the
reasons therefore, and a person or body referred to in such notice shall have no right
to act against IMSA or the person publishing the notice.
8.3 RANGE OF PENALTIES
Penalties which may be imposed, in order of their severity, are:
8.3.4 Loss of race points
8.3.7 Loss of accrued points
8.3.9 More than one penalty may be imposed for the same offense.
The Race Director/Stewards or IMSA may impose a definite or indefinite period of
8.5.1 A fine may be imposed in proportion to the offense. A member’s competition
privileges are automatically under suspension until the fine is paid. All fines shall be
remitted to: International Motor Sports Association, 14175 Icot Boulevard, Suite 300,
Clearwater, Florida 33760.
8.5.2 IMSA may withhold prize monies owed to Entrants responsible for outstanding fines
or reduce the amount of the prize money owed up to the amount of the outstanding
A lap penalty during or after a competition, or time penalty during a competition by
calling a car into the pits and/or by holding a car already in the pits may be imposed.
8.7 LOSS OF RACE POINTS
Loss of championship Driver, Team and/or manufacturer points may be imposed.
A Driver, an Entrant or an automobile may be disqualified from competition, in which
case his/her rights to any award in the competition are forfeited, and the official results
will advance the next competitors accordingly.
A member’s privilege to take part in competition may be suspended for a definite or
8.10 LOSS OF ACCRUED POINTS
Loss of accrued points earned by a competitor may be imposed.
IMSA or a court appointed by IMSA may expel a member for serious offenses.
8.12 STANDARD PENALTIES
Except when the Race Director/Stewards determines that there are extenuating
circumstances, the following standard penalties will be assessed for the following
8.12.1 The Race Director will assess these standard penalties. Repeat infractions will result
in greater or cumulative penalties at the discretion of the Race Director/Stewards.
8.12.2 This article shall in no way be construed to limit the authority of IMSA or the Race
Director/Stewards to assess additional or different penalties for these or other
violations of the IMSA CODE or SR.
ARTICLE 9 PROTESTS
9.1 RIGHT TO PROTEST
9.1.1 Except as otherwise provided in the CODE, any IMSA Entrant participating in an
IMSA sanctioned event may protest (except as stated in 9.1.2): (a) any competition
related action, decision or penalty imposed by IMSA and/or an IMSA official or,
(b) conduct of another IMSA member in conjunction with such event which is believed
to be a violation of the CODE or Standing Regulations. IMSA members, other than
Entrants, may only protest in cases specifically involving actions, decisions, or
penalties arising out of their own actions or conduct.
9.1.2 Matters stated as being non-protestable in this CODE are not subject to protest and
all actions, decisions, rulings or penalties made or taken with respect to such matters
shall not be subject to protest or appeal. A decision that a matter is not subject to
protest is final and not subject to appeal. If a CODE infraction is determined to have
occurred, the decision to assess or not to assess a penalty or the nature of an
assessed penalty is protestable and appealable only by the party against whom the
penalty or ruling is assessed.
9.1.3 Failure to submit any action, decision, conduct or penalty described in Article 9.1.1
above for adjudication in accordance with the protest procedure set forth in this
Article 9 shall constitute a waiver of any right of protest or appeal as to such action,
decision, conduct or penalty.
9.2 SUBMISSION OF PROTESTS
9.2.1 Protests shall be submitted in writing and signed by an authorized representative of
the Entrant or member and must be delivered to the Race Director within the following
126.96.36.199 Against the validity of an entry, qualification of an Entrant, Driver or car: Prior to
scheduled closing time for Technical Inspection.
188.8.131.52 Against an automobile: Prior to the start of the race.
184.108.40.206 Against handicap or starting position: Immediately upon their announcement.
220.127.116.11 Against a mistake or irregularity during a competition: Thirty (30) minutes after the end
of the competition.
18.104.22.168 Against the results of a competition: Thirty (30) minutes after posting of the provisional
9.2.2 Each protest shall be accompanied by a protest fee of two thousand dollars ($2,000).
The fee may be retained or returned in whole or part at the discretion of the Stewards
of the Meet, provided that if a properly submitted and allowed protest is not sustained
or is withdrawn after being submitted, no part of the protest fee shall be refunded to
the protesting party.
9.2.3 The protest shall identify the specific action, conduct or ruling being protested in
sufficient detail to enable the Stewards to determine whether the matter is protestable
and to identify the parties involved and facilitate timely procurement of all documents
and other evidence that may be relevant to the protest.
9.3 HEARING OF PROTESTS
9.3.1 Protests shall be heard by the Stewards of the Meet, generally at a protest hearing.
The time and place for the hearing shall be set by the Stewards and shall commence
as soon as reasonably possible after the written protest is properly filed. The protest
may alternatively be heard through the submission of written evidence and
documentation at the Stewards’ discretion.
9.3.2 The Stewards shall regulate the conduct of the protest hearing. The parties (as
determined by the Stewards) involved in the protest may only appear in person or
through their authorized Entrant representatives. They may not be represented by
legal counsel. Other interested parties may be heard at the Stewards’ discretion.
There shall be no right of cross examination at the hearing, nor shall the proceedings
be recorded. The hearing shall not be subject to any formal rules of evidence or
procedure contained in any state, province, or federal arbitration act. Failure of the
protesting party to appear at the hearing (unless otherwise excused by the Stewards)
shall result in dismissal of the protest and forfeiture of the protest fee.
9.3.3 In deciding the protest, the Stewards shall act by way of a majority consensus and
may take whatever action they deem appropriate to further the interests of fairness
and finality in competition results. Under no circumstances may the Stewards order
an event or any portion thereof to be rerun.
9.3.4 At the conclusion of the hearing, the Stewards shall deliberate and and try to reach a
decision as soon as reasonably possible, but in any event, no later than the end of the
next event or business day. The decision shall be written and communicated to the
protesting party, IMSA and the Race Director. Subject only to the right of appeal
provided in Article 9, the decision of the Stewards shall be final, binding and not
subject to litigation in any civil court.
9.4 PROTESTS AGAINST CARS
9.4.1 When a protest is made against a car’s technical compliance, the protestor must post
with the Race Director, in addition to the forms and fees specified in Article 9.1, a
cash bond adequate to cover the costs of any disassembly, inspection and assembly
required. The amount of this bond will be determined by the Race Director and
9.4.2 If the car is found to conform to the rules and the protest is disallowed, this bond will
be forfeited and will be used to cover the costs involved.
9.4.3 If the car is found to be in violation of the rules and the protest is allowed, this bond
will be returned to the protestor and the protested party will stand all expenses
involved in the inspection, and additionally, is subject to penalties assessed by the
9.4.4 If an Entrant or Driver of a protested car does not allow inspection under these terms,
he/she will be disqualified by the Race Director.
9.4.5 All other provisions of Articles 9.2 - 9.3 above shall apply to protests against cars.
9.5 INFORMAL INQUIRY
9.5.1 Prior to filing a protest, all Entrants and/or IMSA members are encouraged to resolve
any dispute informally. Immediately upon acquiring knowledge of any facts that could
potentially be the subject of a protest, but in no event after the posting of the official
race results, affected party(ies) may verbally request an informal inquiry, which shall
then be conducted in any manner deemed appropriate by the Race Director. There
shall be no fee payable for such informal inquiry.
9.5.2 If the informal inquiry does not resolve the dispute, the time limitation for filing a formal
protest shall commence as soon as the informal inquiry is terminated, or as otherwise
provided in Article 9.2.1.
9.6 DISPOSITION OF PROTESTS
The Race Director will, as soon as practicable, either personally hear any parties and
witnesses involved in the dispute and/or other evidence, or else he/she may request
the Stewards to conduct such a hearing to consider testimony and/or other evidence.
The Race Director will dispose of the protest and will advise all parties concerned of
his/her decision. If a decision cannot be made immediately, he/she will advise the
time and place the judgment will be announced. All parties concerned shall be bound
by the judgment given, except in case of a valid appeal.
The prizes and other awards may be distributed when the protest period has elapsed,
or at such time as all protests affecting the standings have been settled.
9.8 MALICIOUS PROTESTS
IMSA may penalize the originator of a protest judged to be malicious, spiteful or who
otherwise acts in bad faith.
9.9 RIGHT OF REVIEW
The Race Director or IMSA may re-open and review a judgment that they rendered if
previously unknown facts or evidence are discovered.
ARTICLE 10 APPEALS
10.1 RIGHT TO APPEAL
10.1.1 Provided that all Protest or other procedures specified by the IMSA CODE have been
properly completed, an IMSA member shall have the right to appeal any decision or
penalty issued under authority of the CODE against that member, except as otherwise
10.1.2 Issues that are not subject to protest and all rulings, decisions, and any action taken
by an IMSA official with respect to such issues shall not be subject to appeal. Appeals
of protest decisions shall be limited to the subject matter of the protest. The decision
to dismiss a protest may be appealed only by the party originally submitting the
10.1.3 Except where determined by IMSA officials for good cause, there shall be no stay of
any decision or penalty pending disposition of the appeal. Payment of prizes and/or
point awards may be withheld pending final disposition of the appeal.
10.2 APPEAL PROCEDURE
10.2.1 The appellant must give written notice of his/her intention to appeal a decision or
penalty to the President of IMSA, or if applicable, the Race Director or Stewards of the
Meet, within one hour of the announcement of such decision or penalty.
10.2.2 Contingent upon compliance with Article 10.2.1 above, an appeal must be filed in
writing and received by IMSA at its headquarters not later than 5:00 PM of the second
business day after the announcement of the decision or penalty being appealed. The
appeal may be brought by fax or any other electronic means of communication with
confirmation of receipt, must be signed by the appellant personally, and must
specifically identify and address the decision or penalty being appealed.
10.2.3 The appeal must be accompanied by an appeal fee of $5,000. The fee is not
returnable should the appellant not follow up his/her declared intention to appeal or for
the grounds set forth in Article 10.3.5 below.
10.2.4 If the appeal involves a decision or penalty imposed by the Race Director and/or
Stewards of the Meet, the Race Director and/or Stewards shall submit a written
statement to the Appeal Review Board (with a copy to the appellant) which shall
include a summary of the background of the proceedings and actions taken by the
Stewards, the background of any formal investigative inquiry and/or the protest
procedures, and any other information which they wish for the Appeal Review Board
10.3 HEARING OF APPEALS
10.3.1 Appeals shall be heard by the IMSA Appeal Review Board (“Board”). The IMSA
President shall appoint a Board Chairman and two additional members for the specific
appeal to be heard. In the event that a Board member is factually involved in the
appeal or, the Board member shall disqualify him/herself from participating on the
Board and the IMSA President shall select a replacement.
10.3.2 The Board will establish the most appropriate procedure for hearing a particular
appeal and shall notify the parties of such procedure. In conducting a hearing and
deciding an appeal, the Board shall not be bound by technical or formal rules or
procedures, but shall conduct its proceedings in the manner best suited to
ascertaining the relevant facts and the merits of the parties’ respective positions. The
Board must conduct its hearing and announce its decision no later than 30 calendar
days after IMSA’s receipt of the appeal (unless otherwise mutually agreed by the
Board, IMSA and appellant).
10.3.3 The Board may summon either orally or in writing and at its sole discretion, any IMSA
member to testify at a hearing or otherwise submit relevant evidence. Any member
who is summoned and refuses to so testify or submit evidence may be subject to
disciplinary action as deemed appropriate by IMSA.
10.3.4 The appellant and any members must testify in person or submit evidence personally.
Attorneys or other representatives of appellant and any such members are not
permitted at oral hearings.
10.3.5 Any appeal which fails to comply with the procedures set forth in this Article 10 may
be dismissed by the Board Chairman at his sole discretion. Similarly, if the Chairman
determines that the appellant has failed to identify any issues properly subject to
appeal or if the appeal has been brought without reasonable grounds, the appeal shall
be dismissed and the subject matter of the appeal shall for all purposes be deemed
null and void and not subject to a right of further appeal. Failure of the appellant to
appear at the time and place set for oral hearing or to otherwise fail to respond to any
investigatory request of the Chairman or Board may also result in the dismissal of the
appeal with prejudice. In all such instances, the entire appeal fee shall be forfeited
and additional penalties may be imposed by the Board without further right of appeal.
10.4 APPEAL JUDGEMENT AND PUBLICATION
10.4.1 The Board may affirm, modify or reverse a decision or penalty imposed by the Race
Director or the Stewards including but not limited to reducing or increasing a
previously imposed penalty and/or assessing a new or different penalty and will also
determine the disposition of the appeal fees unless otherwise addressed elsewhere in
this Article 10. However, the Board may not order a competition to be rerun.
10.4.2 IMSA shall have the right, without recourse brought against it, its agents or its
publisher, to publish any decision, penalty or judgment imposed by IMSA, the Race
Director, Stewards or the Board, including publication of the names of the involved
ARTICLE 11 AUTOMOBILES
IMSA will publish rules and specifications for various classes of cars eligible to
The automobile or car shall be defined throughout the IMSA CODE as consisting of
the bodyshell/chassis unit, and the IMSA approved engine block or crankcase, neither
of which may be replaced during a race. In the case of rotary engines the cylinder
block shall consist of the front, intermediate and rear housings. It must have at least
four wheels not in a line, two of which must effect the steering and two that effect the
11.2.1 IMSA will regulate the eligibility of tires in its sanctioned competitions in order that no
competitor shall have any tire advantage in qualifying or a race. IMSA may require a
competitor to use the same tires as he/she used in qualifying or restrict the number of
tires used during qualifying.
11.2.2 It is prohibited to use traction compound or any substance which might alter the
physical properties of a competition tire as supplied by its manufacturer.
11.2.3 Tire warmers and any other means of artificially warming tires are prohibited.
11.3.1 IMSA reserves the right to have all cars use the same brand and designated grades
of gasoline in a given event. When this right is exercised, it will be stated in the event
Supplementary Regulations or in other IMSA bulletins for that event. Fuel used for
practice, qualifying and the race will be supplied by the “Official Fuel” supplier and
must be used exactly as supplied by the “Official Fuel” supplier. An approved
lubricant may be added to the fuel for some engine types with the prior approval of
11.3.2 In the case of any event where an “Official Fuel” has been named, IMSA may sample
the actual fuel(s) provided by the fuel supplier and those samples will become the
benchmark from which all competitors’ samples will be judged. IMSA reserves the
right to check any fuel at any time during a competition.
11.3.3 Competitors are responsible for the proper handling, transportation and security of
their fuel from the time it is dispensed to them and for the proper disposal of unused
fuel and/or fuel drums afterwards.
11.3.4 Competitors are specifically requested not to leave any fuel at the circuit after the
11.4 DISTRIBUTION OF THE FUEL
11.4.1 The official fuel supplier will establish an ecologically-sound disbursement area at
each IMSA event. All fuel will arrive in a special series tank truck. Fuel can be
dispensed in any quantity into 55 gallon drums or directly into the race car
(contestants may need an adapter for fuel cells). A maximum allotment per Team
may be established to avoid shortfalls.
11.4.2 Payment arrangements should be made directly with the official fuel supplier.
11.5 TECHNICIAN ASSISTANCE
In addition to the special series tanker, the official fuel supplier will provide technical
support in the disbursement area at each event to lend technical assistance and
answer competitors’ questions about fuel.
11.6 TECHNICAL INSPECTION/MANDATORY SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
Each entered car must be inspected and approved by the Technical Director or
his/her delegated assistant(s) before it will be allowed to participate in competition or
practice. No expressed or implied warranty of safety shall result from this inspection or
approval. It is the responsibility of the Entrant to have his/her car free from mechanical
defects and in safe racing condition. Cars damaged or altered after they have been
approved at inspection are subject to re-inspection and approval. IMSA will make the
final decision on the safety and eligibility of an accident-damaged vehicle. Major body
components must be maintained in normal position throughout the competition.
Questionable cars are subject to approval by the Technical Director. Cars shall
present a neat, clean and professional appearance.
11.7.1 IMSA at its sole discretion, reserves the right to impound and inspect cars competing
in an event.
11.7.2 The timing, location, method and type of car inspection, and the number of vehicles to
be inspected at any event will be determined by the Technical Director.
11.7.3 It is the responsibility of the Driver or Entrant to prepare a car for inspection when
requested to do so by the Technical Director or his/her assistant(s). Any expense
incurred, except in the case of a protest, shall be the liability of the Entrant.
Preparation of a vehicle for inspection must be performed in a timely manner as
determined by the Technical Director. Any part that does not comply with the IMSA
CODE may be indefinitely retained by IMSA.
11.7.4 Admittance to any area in which inspections are being made is controlled by the
11.7.5 Each car entered must submit to Technical Inspection during scheduled hours and
display an official Tech sticker.
11.7.6 Eligibility under IMSA rules:
a. Both metric and English dimensions may be given in the IMSA CODE. In such
cases, when the two systems do not equate exactly, measurements for
compliance during inspection will normally use the system most advantageous to
b. The IMSA Technical Director may establish tolerances for measurements taken
during inspection; may require components on the car to fit IMSA templates; may
require IMSA monitoring devices to be fitted to a car; and/or may require IMSA
limiting devices to be fitted to a car.
11.7.7 Safety of the design and construction per inspection form.
11.7.8 Appearance: Clean and neat, no old damage.
11.7.9 Identification numbers must be placed on both sides and front, and must be legible to
the satisfaction of the Chief Timekeeper. Specific requirements may be provided in
event Supplementary Regulations.
11.7.10 Racing Tires: Mandatory, unless Supplementary Regulations provide otherwise.
11.7.11 Leakage: Not allowed.
11.7.12 Driver Safety Equipment: Per Article 5.14.
11.7.13 Compliance with sponsor advertising requirements.
11.7.14 Mandatory safety requirements listed below.
11.7.15 Mandatory safety modifications for all cars except as specified in the Supplementary
Regulations for a specific series.
22.214.171.124 A 3" wide, six point Driver restraint system of approved design must be installed. The
effectiveness and longevity of a seat harness is directly related to the way in which
they are installed and maintained. The belts must be replaced after a severe collision
and whenever the webbing is cut, frayed or weakened due to the action of chemicals
or sunlight. They must also be replaced if any buckles are bent, deformed or rusted.
Any harness which does not function correctly must be replaced.
126.96.36.199 All cars must be equipped with two master electrical circuit breakers, one accessible
from inside (accessible by the Driver when normally seated and fitted with the
mandatory safety harness), and the second outside the car, that control all electrical
power (except electrically actuated fire systems). The preferred outside location is the
passenger side cowl area. The circuit breakers must be clearly marked by a spark in a
188.8.131.52 All cars must have at least two operating red brake lights and two taillights. Amber
brake lights will not be permitted. (During a competition, the Race Director may accept
one functioning headlight, one functioning taillight and one functioning brake light due
to damage or equipment failure.)
184.108.40.206 Headlights must be protected against breakage. Headlights may be taped.
220.127.116.11 Two external rear-view mirrors must be installed. Minimum dimension of each external
mirror: 100 cm2.
18.104.22.168 Safety fuel cell of an approved type meeting FIA Spec FT-3 is required, must be
mounted outside the Driver’s compartment, separated by firewalls, flame and
leakproof, and protected as far as practicable by the roll cage. Steel or steel braided
fuel lines with appropriate fittings, fuel cell check valve, and vent line check valve are
mandatory. The fuel cell vent system on the car must be designed so that all fuel
vapors released during refueling are returned to the overhead tank via the 2" ID
refueling vent hose. NO SPILLAGE WILL BE TOLERATED! Refueling equipment
protruding into the Driver’s compartment must be shielded so as to prevent hazard to
the Driver in the event of rupture. Dry break fuel fillers and vents are required on all
“LM”P/”LM”GTP and “LM”GT cars. They must be located away from the engine
compartment and exhaust. The bodywork may be modified to install fillers and vents
so they do not protrude beyond the plane of the outside mounting surface. All fuel
cells less than 20 cm from the lateral flanks must be protected by an adequate
22.214.171.124 Hoods, deck lids and movable body sections must be secured with supplemental pins
or fasteners. Latches may be deactivated. On cars where a key is required to open
the trunk lid, the lock must be deactivated or may be removed.
126.96.36.199 Supplemental pins used to secure movable body sections (such as hoods, doors,
fenders, lids and removable tops) must have attaching cables to prevent accidental
loss of pin.
188.8.131.52 No concealed pressure type containers, feed lines or actuating mechanisms are
permitted, even if inoperable.
184.108.40.206 Full roll cages of approved design are mandatory. Material and construction
specifications and recommended designs are contained in FIA Sporting CODE,
Appendix J, Article 253, Section 8 and in these rules.
a. Competitor must be prepared to drill inspection hole(s) in the roll structure for
b. See the technical regulations for “LM”P/”LM”GTP and “LM”GT material and
220.127.116.11 A fire extinguisher of the following type and size is required for the respective
categories and must be carried and in certified working order at all times. All
“LM”P/”LM”GTP and “LM”GT cars must have an on-board fire extinguisher system
with an approved extinguishing material that is in accordance with the FIA Sporting
CODE, Appendix J, Article 258.14.1. Trigger must be marked with a red circle with the
letter "E" and be operable by the Driver and also from outside the car. Outlets must be
directed into the Driver, engine and fuel compartments.
18.104.22.168 All cars must be fitted with one front and one rear towing eye, painted red, accessible
without the use of tools. They must be securely fitted to the chassis of the car by
means of a metallic rigid element (cable loops are forbidden). They must be strong
enough to allow recovery of a car lying on its flat bottom in a gravel bed. Should the
towing eye break, the track marshals will pull the car to a safe position using any
element of the chassis or of the bodywork whatsoever, which they consider strong
enough, and the car may be excluded from the race. In the event that a car is
damaged as a result of these actions, IMSA will accept no responsibility for any
damage caused, however it may have been caused.
22.214.171.124 In all cases, the Driver must be able to easily exit the car through both the Driver side
and the passenger side in an emergency.
126.96.36.199 An on-board starter and energy source must remain functional at all times, except
when deactivated in an emergency by the master electrical circuit breaker
188.8.131.52 During periods of darkness, up to three (3) identification lights are permitted on the
top or on the side, provided they do not face rearwards, flash or blink. They may not
be yellow, blue or excessively bright red, and all identification lights are subject to
approval by IMSA.
184.108.40.206 All cars must conform to current IMSA regulations for sound enforcement regulations.
These regulations may be superceded by local ordinances.
220.127.116.11 An "arrow" decal denoting tow hook location, window net release and door release
must be affixed in each of these locations.
18.104.22.168 Evaporative-loss Freon cool-suits are not permitted.
11.8 If the Technical Director determines prior to the race that a car does not meet the
applicable specifications, the car will not be allowed to compete unless, in the
discretion of the Technical Director, the deficiency
a. Will not affect safety;
b. Cannot be corrected in time for qualifying or the race (if no qualifying);
c. Will not provide the competitor a significant competitive advantage over other
d. Is so insubstantial as not to warrant a determination that the car is ineligible to
If the Race Director permits the car to compete under these circumstances, the
Technical Director will apprise the competitor in writing of the deficiency, and the car
will be prohibited from competing in any future events if the deficiency has not been
11.9 On an individual basis, IMSA may approve equipment to be fitted to race cars and/or
Drivers or waive certain procedural requirements for the sole purpose of enhancing
the television coverage of the event.
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